Lovelace, Francis, - 1675
Francis Lovelace was the son of Sir William Lovelace and Anne Barne of Bethersden and Woolrich, Kent, England. He served as a colonel in the royalist forces during the English Civil War and in 1644 was appointed governor of Carmarthen Castles in Wales. He later succeeded Richard Nicholls as the governor of New York in 1668. During his tenure, Lovelace’s Indian policies were mostly successful. He approved of Native constables chosen by their tribal brethren and supported missionary efforts to Christianize the Indians, especially on Long Island and at Martha’s Vineyard. He worked to make peace between the Iroquois and Mahican in 1671. In 1673 while Lovelace was at a meeting in Connecticut, New York was briefly recaptured by the Dutch and he was removed from office and sent back to England, where he fell into debt and was eventually confined to the Tower. He was soon released but died shortly thereafter. ODNB. Allen W. Trelease, Indian Affairs in Colonial New York: The Seventeenth Century (Lincoln, NE: Bison Books, 1997), 182, 195, 201.